Common French Bulldog Health Problems – Crazy World of Frenchies

By: Danielle Harris

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Common French Bulldog Health Problems

French Bulldogs, often affectionately referred to as “Frenchies,” are a popular breed known for their adorable, wrinkled faces and friendly personalities.

However, like any breed, they are susceptible to a variety of health issues.

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Respiratory Issues

French Bulldogs are prone to respiratory issues due to their short snouts and flat faces.

Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome

One of the most common respiratory issues in French Bulldogs is Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS).

This condition is characterized by difficulty breathing, snoring, and sometimes even fainting.

BOAS is caused by the anatomical structure of the breed’s face and head, which can lead to obstruction of the airways. It’s essential to keep your Frenchie cool, especially during hot weather, and maintain a healthy weight to minimize the risk of BOAS complications.

BOAS french bulldog health problems
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French Bulldogs can suffer from various allergies, including environmental and food allergies.

Environmental allergens such as pollen, mold, and dust mites can cause respiratory issues in Frenchies.

Symptoms may include wheezing, coughing, and sneezing. Food allergies can also contribute to respiratory problems, as well as gastrointestinal issues.

It’s essential to identify and eliminate the allergens from your Frenchie’s environment or diet to minimize their symptoms.

Skin Conditions

French Bulldogs are prone to various skin conditions due to their wrinkled skin and predisposition to allergies.

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition caused by an overreaction of the immune system to environmental allergens.

Symptoms include red, itchy, and inflamed skin.

Regular bathing with hypoallergenic shampoo and avoiding known allergens can help alleviate your Frenchie’s discomfort.


Pyoderma is a bacterial skin infection common in French Bulldogs.

It is often associated with other underlying issues, such as allergies or skin fold infections.

Treatment usually involves antibiotics and topical medications to address the infection and underlying cause.

Skin Fold Infections

Frenchies’ adorable wrinkles can unfortunately trap moisture and bacteria, leading to skin fold infections. Regular cleaning of skin folds with a mild, hypoallergenic cleanser can help prevent these infections.

Ear Infections

French Bulldogs are susceptible to ear infections due to their large, bat-like ears.

Ear infections in Frenchies can be caused by bacteria, yeast, or both.

Symptoms include head shaking, scratching at the ears, and an unpleasant odor.

Regular ear cleaning with a veterinarian-recommended solution can help prevent ear infections and keep your Frenchie comfortable.

Eye Conditions

French Bulldogs are prone to several eye conditions due to their prominent eyes and facial structure.

Cherry Eye

Cherry eye is a condition in which the gland of the third eyelid becomes swollen and prolapses, creating a red, fleshy mass in the corner of the eye.

Treatment may include eye drops, anti-inflammatory medications, or surgery to reposition or remove the gland.


Entropion is a condition where the eyelids roll inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the cornea, leading to irritation and discomfort.

Surgical correction is usually necessary to alleviate the symptoms and prevent corneal damage.


Ectropion is a condition in which your dog’s lower eyelid rolls away from the eye, resulting in a droopy appearance and exposing the delicate mucous membrane or conjunctiva, which is not meant to be exposed.

How is ectropion treated? The treatment for mild ectropion generally consists of medical therapy, such as lubricating eye drops and ointments to prevent the cornea and conjunctiva from drying out. Ophthalmic antibiotics will be used to combat any corneal ulcers.

Joint and Spine Issues

French Bulldogs are prone to joint and spine issues due to their compact and muscular build.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition in which the hip joint doesn’t develop correctly, leading to arthritis and mobility issues. Maintaining a healthy weight, providing joint supplements, and avoiding high-impact activities can help manage this condition and keep your Frenchie comfortable.

Intervertebral Disc Disease

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a condition where the spinal discs degenerate, causing pain and potential nerve damage that comes with paralysis or even death.

Treatment options include pain management, anti-inflammatory medications, and in severe cases, surgery.

Gastrointestinal Issues

French Bulldogs can experience gastrointestinal issues, often related to food sensitivities.

Food Sensitivities

Frenchies can be sensitive to certain ingredients in their diet, which can cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and excessive gas.

Identifying and eliminating the problematic ingredients from your Frenchie’s diet can help alleviate these issues.


While French Bulldogs can be prone to various health issues, many of them can be managed or prevented with proper care and attention. By being aware of these common problems and working closely with your veterinarian, you can keep your Frenchie happy and healthy for years to come.


What is the life expectancy of a French Bulldog?

The life expectancy of a French Bulldog is typically between 10-14 years with proper care and attention to their health.

Are French Bulldogs prone to obesity?

Yes, French Bulldogs are prone to obesity due to their compact build and propensity for overeating. A balanced diet and regular exercise are essential for maintaining a healthy weight.

How can I prevent skin fold infections in my French Bulldog?

Regular cleaning of your Frenchie’s skin folds with a mild, hypoallergenic cleanser can help prevent skin fold infections.

Can French Bulldogs swim?

Due to their short snouts and dense body composition, French Bulldogs are not natural swimmers and can struggle in water. It’s essential to supervise your Frenchie around water and provide them with a life jacket if they are going to be swimming.

What type of exercise is best for French Bulldogs?

Low-impact activities such as walks and indoor play are ideal for French Bulldogs. It’s essential to avoid overexertion and monitor your Frenchie for signs of overheating, especially in hot weather.

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