How to Breed French Bulldog Colors | Fun with Genetics

By: Danielle Harris

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french bulldog puppy teething

How to Breed French Bulldog Colors

Ethical Considerations

Before you embark on breeding French Bulldogs, it’s important to consider the ethics of breeding.

Always prioritize the health and well-being of the dogs, ensuring that both the dam and sire are in good physical condition and come from reputable sources.

Make sure you’re prepared for the responsibilities that come with breeding, including the necessary care and financial investments.

Health Factors

French Bulldogs are prone to certain health issues, such as brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia, and spinal problems.

Always consult with a veterinarian before beginning a breeding program, and consider screening for these health concerns to minimize the risk of passing them on to offspring.

Choosing the Right Breeding Pair

Genetic Testing

To ensure the healthiest puppies possible, choose a breeding pair with complementary genetic traits. Conduct genetic testing to identify any potential health issues and select dogs with diverse backgrounds to minimize the risk of inbreeding.

French bulldog genetic health test
how to breed french bulldog colors

Complementary Colors

To breed for specific colors, select a pair with compatible coat colors.

This can be achieved by understanding the genetics behind French Bulldog coat colors and patterns.

French Bulldog Colors

Recognized Colors

how to breed french bulldog colors
Pied French Bulldog

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes several French

Bulldog coat colors, including:

  1. Brindle
  2. Cream
  3. Fawn, Sable
  4. White
  5. Pied

These colors are widely accepted, and dogs with these coat colors are eligible for conformation shows.

Rare Colors

Some French Bulldog colors are considered rare and aren’t recognized by the AKC.

Black Tan French Bulldog

These colors include:

  1. Blue
  2. Chocolate
  3. Lilac
  4. Merle
  5. Tan Points
  6. Trindle
  7. Rojo, Isabella, New Shade
  8. Fluffy
  9. Pink
  10. Husky, Husky Koi

While these colors are visually striking, breeding for them may have ethical and health implications, as they can be linked to certain genetic disorders.

If you choose to breed for rare colors, proceed with caution and prioritize the health of the dogs.

Knowing what colors to expect from your pairing

Dna and genetics can be confusing but its kind of like doing a punnet square.

Each Parent takes one side of the square.

how to breed french bulldog colors

In the above example: there’s a 25% chance of fawn, 50% chance of fawn sable, and 25% chance of tan points.

You will need to do this for each locus.

There are apps that can calculate percentages based on dna for you.

“Color My Frenchie” is the app we use. Just put in the parents dna and it does the rest for you!

It starts out as a blank slate, you have to click on each one and change it to the result you need.

Keep in mind if you have a rainbow of possibilities this is just meant to give you an idea of what to expect, it’s not a guarantee.

I’ve had litters of all merle and litters with 1 merle. Same chances either way but it’s like playing the lottery.

how to breed french bulldog colors

Tips for Successful Breeding


A balanced diet is crucial for the health of both the dam and the puppies. Provide high-quality dog food and consult with a veterinarian to determine any necessary supplements or dietary changes during pregnancy.

Environmental Factors

Create a comfortable, safe, and clean environment for the dam to give birth and care for her puppies.

Ensure the area is free of hazards and provide a whelping box for the dam to nurse and care for her litter.

Expert Advice

Seek guidance from experienced breeders, veterinarians, and other experts in the field.

They can provide valuable insights and advice to help ensure a successful breeding experience.


Breeding French Bulldogs for specific colors requires an understanding of genetics, a commitment to ethical breeding practices, and a focus on the overall health of the dogs.

By considering these factors and consulting with experts, you can successfully breed French Bulldogs while prioritizing the well-being of the animals involved.


How many puppies can a French Bulldog have in a litter? French Bulldogs typically have small litters, ranging from 3 to 5 puppies. However, some litters may have as few as 1 or as many as 7 puppies.

How long is a French Bulldog’s pregnancy? A French Bulldog’s pregnancy lasts around 63 days, give or take a few days.

What age is best for breeding a French Bulldog? It’s generally recommended to wait until a French Bulldog is at least 2 years old before breeding to ensure they are physically mature and have undergone necessary health screenings.

What are the potential health risks associated with breeding rare-colored French Bulldogs? Breeding rare-colored French Bulldogs may be associated with certain health risks, such as deafness, skin issues, and other genetic disorders. Always prioritize the health of the dogs when considering breeding for rare colors. Learning How to breed french bulldog colors properly is important to maintain the health of the breed.

Are French Bulldogs challenging to breed? French Bulldogs can be more challenging to breed than other dog breeds due to their unique anatomy and potential health concerns. It’s crucial to work with a knowledgeable veterinarian and experienced breeders to ensure a successful and ethical breeding experience.

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